Alaska is a big place, but you don’t necessarily need a big bag of gear to make good photos. This is especially true if you’re on a cruise.
This article is aimed at the serious, as in you care about your images, photographer going to Alaska on a regular cruise ship; not something like a Linblad or National Geographic Expedition. I’ll be outlining my thought process behind my recommendations, so you can better understand my thinking and whether you want to apply it to your own situation or try something different.
Secondly, I won’t be covering compact, or point and shoot, style cameras, or smartphones. This isn’t to say that you can’t use those to make good pictures, even on a cruise in Alaska, just that I don’t have enough direct experience with these cameras to make specific recommendations. That said, if you will be using a compact camera, many of the broader topics I cover will still be applicable to you.
Finally, if there’s one point that needs to be made, its that there’s no right or wrong platform, brand, or type of camera for this kind of thing. While I’m talking about my experiences, and I shoot full frame Canon gear, you can easily translate the focal lengths I give for what provides the same coverage on your platform of choice.
To go along with this article, I’ve also written some more detailed articles on specific excursions and areas. More detailed articles can be found starting with my Misty Fjords National Monument and Ketchikan article, as well as Black Bears of Revillagigedo Island, and my Alaska Humpback whale photography guide.
Consider the Weight of Your Gear
I’ve been traveling with camera gear for 4 years now, and one point that’s been driven home to me over and over again, is how weight makes or breaks a trip. Carrying less weight has always translated directly to a much better experience for me. Even if you’re in amazingly great shape, carrying around less weight in camera gear is going to make your days out more enjoyable.
When it comes to cruises, on the ship itself, the weight of your gear really isn’t that important. However, unless you’re one of the lucky few that live in either Vancouver, Seattle, or the neighboring areas, getting to the cruise is going to involve flying. Moreover, many 7-day Alaska cruises are one way affairs, going from form Vancouver or Seattle to Seward, Alaska or vice versa.
Besides travel to and from the cruise ports, you also have to consider what you might do for shore excursions at the various points of call. For many of these, weight, and bulk, will be a consideration you need to think about too. For example, flying on small bush planes, fitting your kit into loaded 4x4s, or hiking around towns.
To pack light, you have to think about the light stuff, not just the heavy things. It’s very easy to say, “eh this just weights a couple of ounces it won’t make difference.” But do that for 10 things, and now you’ve added a couple extra pounds.
Be selective of the gear you’re bringing, but don’t fail to bring something you’ll need.
My point here is that you need to stay on top of weight when you’re packing. I would almost go so far as to say that you need to be absolutely brutal about it.
That said, this is a balancing act. How much fat you need to cut is going to be different if you’re trekking in the Himalayas versus going on a cruise.
Broadly speaking this comes down to a simple point, be selective of the gear you’re bringing, but don’t fail to bring something you’ll need. Ultimately you should have a good reason for everything you’re taking, and there should be few if any things that fall in the I’ll take this just in case category.
Of course, foresight isn’t prefect, and we can’t always know what we will or won’t use (which is part of why I’m writing these articles too). It’s inevitable that there will be extra stuff, the goal here though is to minimize that.
Think as hard about the small things, as you do about the big heavy things.
The Best Camera
The best camera is the one you already know how to use.
The short answer to the camera question is simple. The best camera to take is the one you already have and know.
One point that’s been driven home to me with experience, is that familiarity with your gear cannot be underestimated. I’ve been in plenty of situations where I’ve been able to get a shot because I intuitively knew my camera’s controls or it’s performance envelope.
When you know your camera, you know where the settings are when you need to change them, and can do it quickly when you need to. Perhaps more importantly, your experience with the camera should inform you of your camera’s limits. Specifically how far you can push it, and in what scenarios you just won’t be able to get anything good enough out of it and can just step back and admire the view.
Demands on the Camera
Fortunately, the vast majority of the photography you’ll be doing on an Alaskan cruise is a good fit for a generalists camera. That is, you’re not going to need to shoot at 10-20 FPS or risk missing the peak action.
When I say a generalists’ camera, I’m talking about a camera that has a good blend of capabilities, frame rate, and resolution. Fortunately, that’s the vast majority of semi-modern DLSRs and mirrorless cameras, and even many compacts.
That said, one performance aspect that was surprisingly more important than I would have expected it to do be, is noise at moderately-high ISOs.
Southeast Alaska is known for rain, and with that comes overcast skies and not a whole lot of light. This isn’t so much of a problem if you’re just shooting landscapes, but when you’re shooting bears or whales, or anything that moves, where you need motion freezing shutter speeds, it’s very easy to end up shooting at ISO 3200-6400 or higher.
On my trips, I shot with Canon’s EOS 5D series; a 5D mark III and later a 5D mark IV. These cameras gave me a good balance between resolution, 22 and 30 MP respectively, and frame rates, 6.5 and 7 FPS respectively. They both had solid AF systems, that could track things like eagles, whales, and bears. Finally, they could produce images that are acceptable to me at ISOs as high as 12,800 in the case of the 5D mark IV.
Do you need gear that pro? Absolutely not.
Ultimately when it comes to the camera it comes down to this:
- A good balance between FPS and resolution, the 20-30 MP range seems to be a good sweet spot for this.
- A reasonably good AF system with a 19 or more points in a reasonably dense grid.
- Decent moderately high ISO performance (1600-6400); this is especially important if you’re shooting with f/5.6 lenses.
Multiple Bodies or Just one?
Obviously going on an Alaskan cruise is expensive. In some respects, the cost of a second body to insure you have a backup to continue shooting with or to expand your capabilities is insignificant compared to the cost of the trip as a whole. On the other hand, it is an added cost; not only in dollars, but in weight.
Should you take a second body?
When it comes to having a second body, for me there are two ways to think about this; as a backup, or as a second working body.
I consider a backup camera to be one that I don’t intend to use unless I absolutely have to. It’s there in case my main body fails, breaks, or gets lost or stolen. Since I don’t intend to really use the camera, I also don’t want it to contribute a ton of weight either. Therefore, I’ll strip off as many accessories as I can like battery grips or Really Right Stuff L-plates to cut down on the weight.
On the other hand a second body is a camera I intend to shoot with regularly. Usually, the intent here is to have two different setups that you can very quickly switch between. You see this a lot with sports and wildlife photographers that need to be able to quickly react to changing circumstances. That said, the consequence of having a fully featured second body is weight. While you can cut the accessories off a backup, you’ll want to keep them on something you’re going to be using a lot.
With the definitions out of the way, do you need a second camera for an Alaskan cruise?
As I said earlier, an Alaskan cruise for most people is hugely expensive and often a once in a lifetime thing. For me, that was enough to warrant bringing my other body just in case.
The question is a bit more complicated if you only own one body. Certainly you can just take that and nothing else. The odds are good that you won’t have any problems with it and it’ll just work, and that’s certainly the cheapest and lightest option.
In any event, I would suggest if you’re going to take a second camera, is that you try to stick to things with as much commonality as possible. Batteries are a big point here; dissimilar batteries require separate chargers and that adds up in terms of weight and things you have to keep track of.
The Camera Sweet Spot
Right now, the sweet spot seems to be the middle of the range cameras from pretty much all of the camera makers. Either APS-C or full frame the middle of the road bodies seem to offer the best balance in resolution and FPS. Moreover, Nikon, Canon, Sony, and pretty much everybody else now include good AF systems with lots of points and good low light accuracy.
Additionally, for both Canon and Nikon, the middle range seems to be the best bet for commonality between bodies across tiers. For example for Canon, everything from the 80D up to the 5Ds R all use the same batteries and chargers. A similar situation exists for Nikon, with everything from the D7000/D7500 to the D850.
- Take something you know and are familiar with
- Format (APS-C/DX, Full frame) doesn’t really matter
- If you take a second body, take something with as much commonality with your current gear as possible
The Best Lens
The lenses you want to use are in part always going to be dictated by your own personal vision and style; at least to a point. Because of that, I can offer some general tips and guidance, but I can’t say you for sure want to use lens X, Y, or Z.
After two Alaska cruises, I’ve settled on really only needing 2 lenses: a good sized telephoto zoom (I use a 100-400), and a normal or general purpose range zoom (I use a 24-70). In practice, you can get away with even less than that. An 18-250 to 18-400 super zoom on an APS-C camera would even work to cover all of one’s bases.
What I haven’t found especially useful is something in the ultra-wide angle range. I took one on my first trip, and never actually used it.
While there may be exceptions, I’ve never run into anything on an Alaskan cruise that really demanded an ultra-wide angle lens. For shooting landscapes, like those in Glacier Bay, I’ve found the results from a stitched pano with a moderate telephoto focal length (like 70-100mm on full frame) produce much better images. Moreover, many of the landscapes are so large, that you can easily shoot panos handheld without having stitching issues.
The landscapes in Alaska, at least the ones you can see from the boat, tend to very wide and either not very tall or valley shaped. Shooting with a wide enough lens to fit everything in the frame, results in having a lot of dead space in the sky and water and consequently not much resolution where the actual landscape is.
Ultimately, on the wide angle end of things, I’ve found that going wider than a 24mm full frame equivalent angle of view lens isn’t really useful.
On the other end of the spectrum, how much of a telephoto lens you’ll want or need is going to be dictated by how interested you are in taking pictures of wildlife, what kinds of wildlife you want to shoot, and where you’ll be shooting from.
Shooting from the cruise ship you’ll want the longest lens you can get. But there’s a catch to that too, the ship moves deceptively quickly and vibrates; especially if you’re near the engines at the stern. A long lens, especially on a high resolution body, will magnify the motion and vibration dictating even higher shutter speeds to keep things sharp.
For excursions, the situation is a lot more variable. If you’re doing a whale watching excursion, you may want to check out my guide on photographing whales in southeast Alaska. I’m currently working on a similar guide for bears, but generally you have some more flexibility with that since you’re not usually on a boat.
- Ultra wide angle lenses aren’t that useful.
- A general purpose walk around zoom and a good telephoto are the most useful options.
- A teleconverter is handy.
Camera Support: Tripods and Monpods
When it comes to choosing between a tripod, monopod, or nothing, my opinions have changed over time.
For a long time, I found that image stabilization was enough on its own and I didn’t really need a camera support to get sharp images. As I moved to higher resolution cameras, and heavier lenses, I found that while IS helped, it wasn’t nearly as effective it was on my old 10 MP class gear.
When I replaced my 100-400 with Canon’s mark II version, and gained the added weight that came with that, I stated using a monopod a lot more. In no small part, this was just to support the weight of the lens to keep me on target without killing my arms.
That said, one of the biggest shortcomings of monopods is that they don’t stand on their own; at least mine don’t. As a result, its difficult to do things that require both hands away from the camera without finding a place to put the camera down.
On my first Alaska cruise, I left the tripod at home and only took a monopod. My reasoning was that the boat would probably move and vibrate and the tripod would conduct that vibration to the camera. Having a forward cabin, this proved not to be a problem. On the other hand, having to constantly hold the monopod, then set it down where nobody would trip over it, then pick it up again became quite an annoyance.
On my second trip, I took the tripod, and was vastly happier as a result. In fact, I almost never used the monopod on that trip at all. Shooting from our room’s balcony, I mostly kept the camera on the tripod if I was going to be shooting for any length of time. On excursions, I shot almost entirely handheld, as a monopod (and especially tripod) would get in the way on a small boat or just be something extra to lug around.
- The necessity of a camera support depends on the weight of your gear and your comfort holding it.
- Monopods aren’t that useful on most excursions.
- A tripod can be handy for shooting from your stateroom’s balcony.
Southeast Alaska is known for its rain and generally poor weather. Because of the weather, I’d strongly recommend bringing rain gear for your camera.
For rain gear, I took both my ThinkTank Hydrpohobia 70-200 and some disposable OpTech USA camera covers. Though ultimately I ended up relying a lot on the weather resistance of my camera and lenses, as sometimes it was simply impossible to put a rain cover on fast enough to stop the camera from getting soaked.
On the topic of rain covers, I’m also currently testing the Ruggard RC-FC500B which is a much lighter weight alternative to the ThinkTank Hydrophobia I liked above. It’s lighter, and uses thinner material, so it may not last as long in the long run, but it’s much more packable and somewhat easier to throw on the camera quickly.
In a similar vein, I’ve never found a compelling need for a flash on an Alaskan cruise. I took one on the first trip, and never used it. The second time, I left it home and never ran into a situation where I wished I had it.
If your camera has a built in pop-up flash, then that’s an idea compromise. Dialed in to -2 Ev, they’ll provide a nice fill light for indoor pictures, but they won’t weigh you down.
For those of us with cameras that lack popup flashes, consider the smaller “consumer” flashes like Canon’s Speedlight EL100 or 270Ex, or even the ultra-compact Speedlight 90Ex. Nikon’s options are a bit more limited, namely there’s the SB 300. Finally there’s some 3rd party options in the same small sizes that would be worth considering as well.
As with most things, there’s a whole lot more to consider than what I’ve covered here. Details will obviously vary from photographer to photographer depending on your specific kit and vision. Though I hope I’ve laid out some broad strokes that can be useful for starting to plan around if you’re a serious photographer going on a regular Alaskan cruise.
If you’ve got a question, leave a comment below and I’ll try to answer it.
If you found this post useful, and are heading to Alaska on a cruise, I have a number of articles detailing specific shore excursions, like my guide to photographing humpback whales, or the White Pass and Yukon Route railroad. Or just jump to the full list of my Alaska travel and photography articles.